PNS National Newscast

Audio Activation
"Siri, play the Public News Service (podcast)"
"Hey Google, play the Public News Service podcast"
"Alexa, play Public News Service podcast"
or "Alexa, what's my news flash?" once you set it up in the Alexa app


Audio Activation
"Siri, play the 2020Talks podcast"
"Hey Google, play the 2020Talks podcast"
"Alexa, play Two-Thousand-Twenty Talks podcast"
or "Alexa, what's my news flash?" once you set it up in the Alexa app


PNS Daily Newscast - June 18, 2021 

President Biden just signed a law declaring Juneteenth a federal holiday; and the first tropical storm system is forecast to make landfall in U.S. by end of the week.

2021Talks - June 18, 2021 

The U.S. marks a new national holiday; Republicans reject Sen. Joe Manchin's election reform compromise; and U.S. Supreme Court upholds Obamacare but strikes a blow to equal rights.

Multiplier Effect Calculates Economics of State Layoffs

Downloading Audio

Click to download

We love that you want to share our Audio! And it is helpful for us to know where it is going.
Media outlets that are interested in downloading content should go to
Click Here if you do not already have an account and need to sign up.
Please do it now, as the option to download our audio packages is ending soon

 By Deb CoursonContact
January 25, 2011

AUSTIN, Texas - State budget plans call for eliminating up to 10,000 state jobs and 100,000 positions in public schools. But a budget analyst warns that cutting public-sector jobs results in the loss of private-sector jobs, too.

Economists call it the "multiplier effect."

Eva Deluna Castro, senior budget analyst with the Center for Public Policy Priorities, explains the economic ramifications when public employees get pink slips.

"There is a multiplier effect. When you eliminate a public-sector job, 2.4 jobs are lost."

Deluna Castro estimates that the total of public and private jobs lost under the state House budget proposal would be about 23,000. Add to that the school district positions being defunded and she says the final cost to the economy could be 263,000 lost jobs.

The Texas multiplier effect has been well-researched, with Castro pointing out that it is commonly used to argue in favor of business tax incentives - but is rarely examined when jobs are lost. She adds that another consideration in the budget debate and state layoffs has to do with the kinds of positions that would be eliminated.

"The state is a huge contributor to the economy through health care and through schools, both of which are the largest employers - at least, in most communities."

Some of the jobs the budget proposals target are positions that are currently not filled, so the multiplier effect may not be valid for those cases.

Best Practices