FDA to Regulate Synthetic Nicotine as Vaping Among KY Teens Climbs
Monday, March 21, 2022
Last week President Joe Biden signed legislation that allows the Food and Drug Administration to regulate synthetic nicotine, used in vape products popular among teens.
Kentucky advocacy groups say the state's high level of vape product use among young people is setting the stage for a serious public health crisis.
E-cigarettes or vapes typically contain as much or more nicotine than traditional cigarettes, but until now manufacturers have skirted government regulations by using a synthetic version of the chemical.
Dr. Scott Bickel - assistant professor of pediatrics in the Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Allergy, and Immunology at the University of Louisville School of Medicine - explained that the nicotine and other toxic substances found in vape products can have substantial health consequences.
"Can lead to impulsivity, difficulties with brain development, and so on," said Bickel. "And then certainly the respiratory consequences of starting those things early can't be overstated."
Congress moved to give the FDA the authority to regulate synthetic nicotine in the $1.5 trillion spending bill that funds the government through September. Biden signed the legislation into law last week.
More than one in four Kentucky high schoolers use e-cigarettes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, e-cigarette sales hit a record high last June, with more than 22 million units sold nationwide.
Allison Adams - vice president for policy with the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky - said the experience of the coronavirus pandemic highlighted how tobacco can make individuals more susceptible to respiratory illnesses such as COVID-19.
She added the Commonwealth has one of the highest rates of tobacco use in the nation.
"And so knowing that we weren't coming into this pandemic as a healthy state," said Adams, "we were on a trajectory for loss and less ability to fight it off quickly and rapidly."
Adams said the state could allow local communities to make their own decisions about how tobacco products are marketed, sold and distributed at the local level to help protect the health of young people.
Hannah Abdon is a senior at Boone County High School. She said she believes her classmates have gravitated toward vape products because of heavy advertising in her community.
"On my drive to school," said Abdon, "I think I pass three different places, and these places all sell vapor products, and they have advertisements in their storefronts that I can see when I'm driving past."
Tobacco and e-cigarette industries spent more than $788,000 lobbying Kentucky lawmakers in 2020, according to state data.
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